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Canada to announce Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024 by February

This will be the first Immigration Levels Plan announcement since October 2020. It will be announced by February 11, 2022. The Canadian government will provide a major update by February when it announces its Immigration Levels Plan 2022-2024.

The announcement will contain Canada’s immigration targets for this year, and the next two years, as well as the number of new immigrants Canada will seek to welcome under its various economic, family, and humanitarian class programs. It will be the first such announcement since Canada made the surprise announcement in October 2020 it would seek to welcome over 400,000 new immigrants per year moving forward, or about 40,000 more per year than its previous targets.

Under the current Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is looking to welcome 411,000 new permanent residents to Canada this year. In 2021, IRCC achieved its goal of landing 401,000 immigrants which is the highest level in Canadian history. IRCC made the target last year amid the challenging pandemic environment by focusing on transitioning temporary residents currently living in Canada to permanent residence.The current plan aims to welcome 241,500 economic class immigrants to Canada this year through the likes of Express Entry, the Provincial Nominee Program, Quebec’s programs, among other pathways. This accounts for 59 per cent of Canada’s immigration target.IRCC is looking to welcome 103,500 family class immigrants through the Spouses, Partners, and Children Program and the Parents and Grandparents Program. This is 26 per cent of IRCC’s immigration target.The remaining 66,000, or 15 per cent of the newcomer target, will be welcomed to Canada on refugee and humanitarian and compassionate grounds.

What may change, however, is the total number of immigrants Canada chooses to target in the coming years. On the one hand, the Canadian government may be satisfied with their already ambitious targets and decide to keep them as is. This would mean simply continuing to slowly increase annual admissions now that the baseline is over 400,000 immigrants. By way of comparison, the baseline was about 250,000 immigrants annually up until 2016. Another consideration is the Canadian government may want to refrain from significant increases so it can work towards tackling its backlogs which currently stand at 1.8 million permanent and temporary resident applicants waiting in the queue.

On the other hand, Fraser has indicated an openness to increasing the targets even further depending on stakeholder feedback. The minister noted he would listen to the likes of community groups and employers to see whether they have a desire to welcome more immigrants.One may argue that Canada’s immigration targets are already high, and the government should put the brakes on higher levels for a few reasons. Backlogs need to be contained, communities across the country have housing affordability issues, and historically speaking, welcoming immigrants amid periods of economic downturn has hurt the labor force outcomes of newcomers. What is certain is we will not be guessing for long as the February 11 deadline is just around the corner.

Restoration of Temporary Resident Status

If a temporary resident has lost their status (section 47 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act [IRPA]) or let their authorization to work or study expire, they may apply to restore that status in accordance with section 182 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR).It is important to note that since status and authorization are not the same under the IRPA, an applicant can only restore their status to that of a temporary resident and to the authorization that they held immediately prior to the restoration application. As an example, a student who lost their status cannot apply to restore temporary resident status with authorization to work.

Eligibility requirements for restoration of status
Applicant requirements
•    apply within 90 days of having lost their status
•    meet the initial requirements for their stay
•    remain in Canada until a decision is made
•    have not failed to comply with any condition imposed automatically by regulation [R183] or by an officer [R185], other than those stated below
•    continue to meet the requirements of a temporary resident and the requirements of the work or study permit, as applicable

Possible Restoration Scenarios
A foreign national can only apply to restore their status and authorization to one they held immediately prior to the loss of status.For example, a temporary resident with authorization to study who is out of status cannot apply to restore their temporary resident status with authorization to work. They must apply to restore their temporary resident status with authorization to study.

Students
A temporary resident who held a study permit and has lost their status can apply in Canada for restoration of their temporary resident status and study permit. They may also apply and pay for a work permit if they meet the requirements of the work permit program they are applying for. If they are approved for the study permit, the work permit application will then be processed.

Workers
A temporary resident who held a work permit and lost their status can apply in Canada for restoration of their temporary resident status and authorization to work within 90 days of having lost their status. In addition to applying for restoration and a new work permit, they may also apply for a study permit, and pay the fees, if they meet the requirements for study permit issuance. The study permit will only be assessed after the work permit and restoration applications are approved.

Visitors
A visitor who is out of status may apply to restore their status as a temporary resident. Temporary residents who are eligible to apply in Canada for a work or study permit [R199 or R215] may do so when restoring their temporary resident status. The fees for the study or work permit must be paid in addition to the restoration fee unless they are otherwise exempt.

Temporary resident permit (TRP) holders
A temporary resident permit (TRP) holder who has let their permit expire is not eligible for restoration. They must apply for a new TRP.
Note: The person must still satisfy the officer that they are a genuine temporary resident and meet all the requirements of the IRPA to qualify for a new TRP.

Restoration Fees
Foreign nationals applying for restoration must pay all the corresponding fees. Any foreign national applying to restore as a temporary resident must pay only the restoration fee. However, if the foreign national also requires a work or study permit, they must pay the cost recovery fees for each permit in addition to the fee for restoration unless they are otherwise exempt.
As an example, a study permit holder who is applying to restore their study permit must submit the fees for both restoration and a study permit. If they wish to apply for a work permit in addition to restoration and the study permit, they must also pay the work permit fee ($155). Theofficer first evaluates the restoration application and, if approved, processes any application for a study or work permit.

Extend your stay in Canada

To extend your stay in Canada as a visitor, you must apply for a visitor record. This document will have an expiry date, upon which you must leave the country or apply for another extension to remain in Canada legally. It is important to note that a visitor record does not guarantee you will be able to re-enter Canada if you decide to leave the country.If your current visitor visa expires while your application for an extension is being processed, you can stay in Canada until a decision is made. This is known as “maintained status,” which was previously known as “implied status.”During this period, the conditions of your visitor status are extended beyond the expiry date, and you will simply be allowed to stay in Canada as a visitor.If, however, your visitor status has already expired, you may be able to restore your status if you continue to meet initial requirements and conditions.

When you first come to Canada as a visitor, you use one of these documents to enter:
•    a visitor visa (also called a temporary resident visa)
•    an electronic travel authorization (ETA)
•    a valid passport or travel document
If you want to extend your stay in Canada as a visitor (stay in Canada longer), you need to apply for a visitor record. A visitor record is not a visa.

A visitor records
•    is a document that gives you status as a visitor in Canada and allows you to stay longer
•    includes a new expiry date
•    that’s the new date that you must leave Canada by

When to apply for a visitor record
You must apply for a visitor record before your status expires. If you’re not sure when your status expires, find out how long you can stay in Canada.

Leaving and returning to Canada
A visitor record is a document that continues to give you status as a visitor in Canada and allows you to stay longer. It doesn’t guarantee that you can leave and then re-enter Canada.If you plan to travel outside Canada or the United States, you need a valid entry document, such as a visitor visa or ETA, to return to Canada.

Who can apply for a visitor record
A visitor record is for people who want to
•    extend their stay in Canada as a visitor, or
•    change their permit type from
•    a study permit to a visitor record
•    a work permit to a visitor record
It doesn’t matter if you entered Canada using a visitor visa, electronic travel authorization (eTA) or another document. If you want to extend your stay in Canada as a visitor, you need a visitor record.

Possible extending your stay in Canada scenarios
1.    Students
A temporary resident who held a study permit and has lost their status can apply in Canada for restoration of their temporary resident status and study permit. They may also apply and pay for a work permit if they meet the requirements of the work permit program they are applying for. If they are approved for the study permit, the work permit application will then be processed.

2.    Workers
A temporary resident who held a work permit and lost their status can apply in Canada for restoration of their temporary resident status and authorization to work within 90 days of having lost their status. In addition to applying for restoration and a new work permit, they may also apply for a study permit, and pay the fees, if they meet the requirements for study permitissuance. The study permit will only be assessed after the work permit and restoration applications are approved.

3.    Visitors
A visitor who is out of status may apply to restore their status as a temporary resident. Temporary residents who are eligible to apply in Canada for a work or study permit [R199 or R215] may do so when restoring their temporary resident status. The fees for the study or work permit must be paid in addition to the restoration fee unless they are otherwise exempt.

4.    Temporary resident permit (TRP) holders
A temporary resident permit (TRP) holder who has let their permit expire is not eligible for restoration. They must apply for a new TRP.
Note: The person must still satisfy the officer that they are a genuine temporary resident and meet all the requirements of the IRPA to qualify for a new TRP.

Visitor Visa to Study Permit: Transform your Visitor Visa to Study Permit

When you are considering coming to Canada as a mature student, how will you apply for your study permit having a visitor visa?
In a Canadian visa application, if the applicant is older (over 25 years old) and has a low IELTS score, it is almost impossible to apply for a study visa by attending a university/college in Canada. And even if the IELTS score is qualified, the rejection rate of older applicants is still as high as 50%. If you are in the same predicament, try another way to study abroad and emigrate transfer your visitor visa to the study permit.

You can apply for a study permit after entering Canada after you:
Completed a short-term course or program of study that is a prerequisite to their enrolling at a Designated Learning Institution (DLI).

Visitor Visa to Study Permit VS Apply study permit directly
Older students usually already have a degree and work history, so the immigration officer may question your purpose of the study. In addition, some of the applicants may do not have an IELTS score higher than 6.0, which means they are not qualified for the language requirement of the University admission.On the other hand, older students usually have working experience, as well as the bank salary flow, so the application rate of a Canadian visitor visa is high, and the processing time is shorter.Therefore, it is suggested that older students or parents with immigration intention, can enter Canada with visitor visa status first, complete the English course in 6 months (usually only 2-3 months), and apply for a study visa with a college offer.Processing time can be completed within a month if you transfer from a visitor visa to a study permit. This also means you can immigrate to Canada faster and work inside Canada legally. This is a shortcut for visitors to get a Work Permit through the study pathway.

Benefit of changing Visitor Visa to Study Permit in Canada
Change your visitor visa status to study permit inside Canada save more time
Processing time can be completed within a month if you transfer from a visitor visa to a study permit. This also means you can immigrate to Canada faster and work inside Canada legally. This is a shortcut to getting a Work Permit through the study pathway.

1.    Fewer documentaries
Compared with other ways to immigrate to Canada, there is almost no need to prove your bank information. The requirements are much less than other routes. It is safe to say that converting from a visitor visa to a study visa is the best immigration method with the lowest threshold, the lowest cost, and the highest success rate.

2.    Spouse and children can also get work permits and education in Canada
Your spouse or common-law partner and dependent children may also be able to get processing on a visitor visa, work permit, or study permit. By changing a tourist visa to a study visa, you are allowed to study in a post-secondary designated learning institution.

3.    The whole family can enjoy Canada free healthcare
With a study permit, you and your family may apply for a public healthcare card. With it, you don’t have to pay for most healthcare services.

4.    Free publish schools for your children
Children of the study visa holders can attend local public primary and secondary schools free of charge. If you have lived in Canada for more than 18 months on a study visa or work visa, your children can also receive milk subsidies.

5.    Take a part-time job to supplement the family income
Student visa holders are allowed to work part-time for no more than 20 hours per week while studying for a diploma or above.

The Impact of Changes to the National Occupational Classification (NOC) on Express Entry Applicants

A recent change to the National Occupational Classification (NOC) system will impact how your work experience will be listed in your Express Entry profile, as well as the eligibility for some permanent residence applications (PR). The latest changes to the eligibility criteria can make the application process for Canadian immigration confusing and stressful.
NOC stands for National Occupational Classification. A NOC system is used in Canada to classify occupations based on their job duties, type of work, and skill level. The NOC system is exclusively managed by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and Statistics Canada. The NOC system categorizes over 30,000 occupational titles, which are revised every 10 years after an analysis of current occupations in the Canadian labour market. IRCC uses the NOC system to define which occupations are eligible for numerous immigration programs, including Express Entry.

Changes Made Under NOC 2021
On November 16, the NOC 2016 will be replaced by the NOC 2021. NOC 2021 will introduce new terminology and a revised classification structure for occupations. Here are the three substantial changes being made under NOC 2021:
•    As opposed to NOC 2016, NOC 2021 takes into consideration the differences between educational requirements and formal training, so it also considers the knowledge and skills acquired through on-the-job training.
•    Under NOC 2016, the jobs were divided under a four-category “Skill Level” structure, NOC A, B, C, and D. And, in NOC 2021, jobs will be classified into six TEER levels, ranging from TEER 0 to TEER 5.
•    Under NOC 2016, jobs were classified with a four-digit code, which will change to a five-digit code under NOC 2021.

Effects of NOC changes on Express Entry Applicants
A change to the NOC system will impact both newcomers in the Express Entry pool who have not yet received an Invitation to Apply (ITA) as well as those planning to apply to Canadian immigration programs. It is expected that most immigration applicants will not be adversely affected by the changes to NOC classification, which are primarily structural. Express Entry candidates may still be affected in two ways:

Adding NOC 2021 Codes in the Express Entry Profile
To create an Express Entry profile, you must provide the NOC codes of your previous jobs. Going forward, candidates will need to provide their updated NOC 2021 codes after switching to NOC 2021. If you already have an Express Entry profile (but have not received an ITA), you must update your profile to reflect the new NOC codes.

Express Entry Occupational Eligibility Changes
Going forward only certain skill levels (now TEER) will be eligible for specific immigration programs. It was previously required to have at least NOC Skill Level B to be eligible for Express Entry programs. TEER 3 will become the eligibility cut-off for Express Entry with NOC 2021. The result will be the inclusion of 16 new occupations and the exclusion of three.

IRCC transitioning to the new NOC 2021 system

On November 16, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is transitioning to the 2021 version of the National Occupation Classification (NOC) system. 
Firstly, the current NOC system (NOC 2016) classifies work experience under NOC skill types 0, A or B. As of November 16, IRCC will be using the new Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) system.

What is NOC 2021?
IRCC has been using different versions of the NOC system since 1992 to categorize and classify occupations for purposes of immigration. As of November 16, 2022, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) and Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) are using the 2021 version of the National Occupation Classification (NOC) system to assess the occupations of skilled worker permanent residence and work permit applicants. This change impacts Express Entry and a variety of other major Canadian immigration and work permit pathways.

National Occupational Classification 2021
On November 16, 2022, we’re switching to the 2021 version of the National Occupational Classification (NOC). This means that
•    Current NOC 2016 skill type and skill level structure (NOC 0, A, B, C and D) will be replaced with a6-category system representing the training, education, experience, and responsibilities (TEER) needed to work in an occupation
•    4-digit occupation codes will become 5-digit codes

Programs Affected by NOC 2021
NOC 2021 impacts eligibility criteria for the following 11 programs:

  • Express Entry: Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP)
  • Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
  • Caregivers Programs
  • Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot
  • Agri-Food Pilot
  • Out-of-Status Construction Workers
  • Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)
  • International Mobility Program (IMP)

New TEER Categories
Programs that used the NOC skill type or levels will now use TEER categories.
Most jobs will stay in the TEER category that is equal to the skill level in the table below.
Some jobs may change to a different TEER category.
Skill level B jobs may become TEER 2 or TEER 3 jobs.

TEER categories and examples of jobs
TEER 0 - Management occupations    

Advertising, marketing and public relations managers, financial managers

TEER 1 - Occupations that usually require a university degree
Financial advisors, Software engineers

TEER 2 - Occupations that usually requirea college diplomaapprenticeship training of 2 or more years, or supervisory occupations
Computer network and web technicians, medical laboratory technologists

TEER 3 - Occupations that usually requirea college diploma, apprenticeship training of less than 2 years, ormore than 6 months of on-the-job training
Bakers, Dental assistants, and dental laboratory assistants

TEER 4 - Occupations that usually requirea high school diploma, or several weeks of on-the-job training
Home childcare providers, Retail salespersons and visual merchandisers

TEER 5 - Occupations that usually need short-term work demonstration and no formal education
Landscaping and grounds maintenance laborer’s, Delivery service drivers and door-to-door distributors

Will NOC 2021 impact CRS scores?
Through NOC 2021, the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points given for ‘arranged employment’ will now follow an updated Skill Type/Level chart.

For example, a candidate who would have received 50 points for ‘arranged employment’ in Skill Type/Level 0, A or B (NOC 2016) will still get those points if their NOC is in TEER 0, 1, 2 or 3 (NOC 2021).

Language Tests for Canadian Immigration: IELTS, CELPIP & TEF

Almost every category of economic immigration to Canada requires the results of a language test to apply. The version of the test that you need to take, and the score you need to get, depend on the specific program you are applying under.

IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF?
For Canadian immigration, you must provide language test results from an authorized organization. There are two authorized test providers in English, the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) and the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP). If you want to take your language test in French, you must take the Test devaluation de François (TEF).

  • IRCC does not have a preferred test. Since results from all three tests are valued equally, you can choose to take whichever test is more convenient for you.
  • No matter which language test you take, the results must be from within the last two years (24 months) to be valid.
  • IELTS, CELPIP and TEF all assign a score for each of four language abilities: listening, reading, writing, and speaking.

1. IELTS
IELTS is an internationally available English proficiency test. We usually recommend our clients take the IELTS for their immigration file, and provide them with IELTS training, because there are many testing centers around the world. There are two categories of IELTS: General Training and Academic. For Canadian immigration, you should take the IELTS – General Training.   IELTS results provide a score for each language ability, as well as an overall band score that averages your results in each ability. 


2. CELPIP
CELPIP was designed by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Unlike the IELTS, which are designed for international English proficiency, the CELPIP was designed for Canadian English, which contains elements of British English and American English, as well as Canadian accents.There are two CELPIP test types: the General Test and the General LS Test. For immigration, you must take the CELPIP – General Test

3. TEF
If you are a native French speaker or would prefer to submit language test results demonstrating French proficiency, you must take the TEF.   There are two types of TEF available: the TEF and the TEFAQ. We usually recommend that you take the TEF. The TEFAQ is only accepted for Quebec immigration, while the TEF is accepted by both Quebec and federal immigration.

What Score do I Need?
Most Canadian economic immigration programs have minimum language requirements, but they are not all the same. The score you need to get will depend on the program you’re applying to.In addition to minimum requirements, many programs also operate on points systems. Points may be awarded for things like age, work experience, and education, in addition to language proficiency. Depending on your profile, the language test score you need to qualify could be different from the minimum requirement.Our advice is to give it your best effort. If you don’t like your results, you can also take the test again to try to improve them.

At Sia Immigration, we are withyou at every step of the way. We don’t just prepare our client’s immigration file; we prepare our clients for their new life in Canada too!  Our free online assessment can help you discover all your options to move to Canada permanently. Contact Team Sia Immigration for further assistance on the same. 

How to Improve Your CRS Score for Express Entry

This comprehensive Canada Visa guide provides you with everything you need to know on how to improve your Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score.There are two major ways to improve your CRS score so you can enhance your chances of immigrating to Canada. The first is to perfect your Express Entry profile. The second is to proactively prepare for an Invitation to Apply (ITA) or Provincial Nomination.

Perfect your Profile
Representing yourself accurately in your Express Entry profile is extremely important. Not only could it earn you extra Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points, but there are also serious penalties for misrepresenting yourself.The first thing to keep in mind is that the credentials required to enter the Express Entry pool are not necessarily the same as those that will maximize your CRS score.

How to Improve your CRS Score

  • Language
  • Education
  • Spouse/Partner as a Principal Applicant
  • Work Experience
  • Proactively Prepare for an ITA or Provincial Nomination
  • Contact us for Assistance

Language
Language is an example of a valuable factor within the CRS and can be worth up to 310 CRS points when combined with other factors (such as post-secondary education). This number can rise further to 320, if the applicant is married or in a common-law relationship.

Education
Education could count for up to 200 CRS points if one studied exclusively outside of Canada, and up to 250 points if one has a post-secondary credential from Canada. You can improve your initial education score by obtaining additional credentials, for example completing another degree, or by obtaining additional Educational Credential Assessments (ECAs) for existing degrees.

Spouse or Common-law Partner Might be a Better Principal Applicant
If you have a spouse or common-law partner, it may be beneficial to compare your CRS scores as principal applicants.Sometimes a main applicant’s CRS score may, in fact, be lower than that of their accompanying partner. In such cases, it may be advisable for a spouse or common-law partner to be the principal applicant.

Work Experience
Obtaining additional work experience or better documenting current work experience may both help increase a candidate’s CRS score.Some candidates who have a job title that seems unskilled may, in fact, have performed duties that are considered skilled under Canada’s National Occupation Classification, or NOC.Going beyond job title and measuring the duties you performed against the duties listed in the NOC’s different occupations can help determine if your work is considered skilled or unskilled. This, in turn, can result in points you might

Canada PR for International Students, Foreign Workers will get easier with new Motion-44 Plan

The transition to Canada PR for International Students and Foreign Workers is about to get easy. The new M-44 plan has been passed and now new ways will be devised to fast-track the permanent residency process.M-44 is also known as Motion 44 — “Permanent Residency for Temporary Foreign Workers” — and is a motion regarding Canadian immigration that was introduced in Parliament on January 31, 2022, by Randeep Sarai of the Liberal party, Surrey Centre, B.C. It has since been amended and was agreed to on May 11, 2022.

The passed M-44 motion called on to the government to release a plan for the expansion of economic immigration pathways so that workers at all skill levels can access the benefits of permanent residency in Canada, especially in fields where there a labor shortage. It would also aid in the smooth transition of temporary resident status to a permanent resident.Canada’s permanent residency, PR process is about to get much simpler and faster for many international students and foreign workers. According to Randeep S. Sarai, Liberal Member of Parliament for Surrey Centre, the motion M-44 was passed in the House of Commons, one that dealt with the issue under consideration. With the passing of this, it is now expected that Canada's PR for international students and workers will be fast-tracked.

That, in the opinion of the House, the government should develop and publicly release within 120 days following the adoption of this motion a comprehensive plan to expand the economic immigration stream to allow workers of all skill levels to meet the full range of labor needs and pathways to permanent residency for temporary foreign workers, including international students, with significant Canadian work experience in sectors with persistent labor shortages, and such plan should incorporate the following elements:

(a) amending eligibility criteria under economic immigration programs to give more weight to significant in-Canada work experience and expand the eligible occupational categories and work experience at various skills levels.

(b) examining evidence and data gathered from recent programs such as Temporary Resident to Permanent Resident Pathway, Atlantic Immigration Program (AIP), Rural and Northern Immigration Program (RNIP), and Agri-Food Pilot, and Provincial Nominee Process (PNP).

(c) incorporating data on labor market and skills shortages to align policy on immigrant-selection with persistent laborgaps.

(d) assessing ways to increase geographic distribution of immigration and encourage immigrant retention in smaller communities, as well as increase Francophone immigration outside Quebec.

(e) identifying mechanisms for ensuring flexibility in immigration-selection tools to react quicker to changes in labor market needs and regional economic priorities; and

(f) specifically considering occupations and essential sectors that are underrepresented in current economic immigration programs, such as health services, caregivers, agriculture, manufacturing, service industry, trades, and transportation.

The decision for easier Canada PR has also been taken after acknowledging that international students and temporary foreign workers are an important part of Canada's economy. This new strategy will now help by laying out new opportunities of employment and by supporting community and regional needs. As per the official release, with this, the government's aim is to strengthen the connections between labor market and the immigration programs.

Contact Team Sia Immigration for the further assistance on Motion – 44 today. Book your free consultation Now.

5 Steps to Apply for Canada Family Sponsorship

Have you been living and working up in Canada? And wanting your family to come and stay with you in Canada. This is possible with the Family Class sponsorship program. In this article, we breakdown how the program works and go through the steps involved in the Canada sponsorship application process.

What is the Family Class Sponsorship Program?
The Canada Family Sponsorship aims to bring families together, enabling relatives to study and work in the country -provided they become permanent residents of Canada. In turn, you and your relatives get to make valuable memories while immersing yourselves into the rich Canadian culture.

Who Can I Sponsor?
You can sponsor your sibling, spouse, partner, or dependent child. However, both you, as the sponsor, and the relative being sponsored, will be subject to certain criteria. For now, let's take a closer look at the eligibility of both parties applying for the Canada Family Sponsorship.

Steps to the Canada Sponsorship Application Process
Below we break down a step-step process on how to go about applying for the Family Class Sponsorship Program, as well as the program requirements:

Step 1: Check Your Eligibility
Before you can apply, you need to know if you qualify for the program. If you live and work in Canada as a permanent resident but would like to sponsor your relative, you stand a great chance. However, you need to be 18 years or older, be registered as a Canadian citizen or be a permanent resident.

If you’re living outside of Canada, you:
•    Must be a Canadian citizen and must plan to return so you can be present once your relative arrives in Canada.
•    Understand that you can’t sponsor a relative if you’re a permanent resident residing out of Canada. You need to be inside the country when applying to sponsor and when the person arrives
•    Must be able to prove that you won’t require any social assistance or government benefits, unless you’re disabled

Step 2: Know Who You Can Sponsor
You can sponsor the following persons:
•    Your spouse who needs to be legally married to you and at least 18 years of age or older when applying for your Canada spousal sponsorship
•    Your common-law partner who shouldn’t be legally married to you, should be 18 years of age or older and should’ve been living with you for 12 months in a conjugal relationship without any separations.
•    Your conjugal partner who shouldn’t be legally married to you or shouldn’t be in a common-law relationship with you. They should be 18 years of age or older, live outside of Canada and both parties should be in the relationship for at least one year
•    Dependent children who should be under 22 years of age to classify as a “dependent child” and they shouldn’t have a spouse or common-law partner.

Step 3: Pay the Application Fees
The fee for your Canada Family Sponsorship can’t be refunded. However, you will need to pay the fee for biometrics, right of permanent residence fee and processing fee, police clearance and other relevant fees, depending on the type of application or circumstance.

Step 4: Submit your application
You must mail your application to the mailing address contained within the instruction guide. Alternatively, you could consider a courier service, which will enable you to track your application, or you can use regular mail.

What Happens After I Apply?
All applications will be evaluated to double-check whether all forms have been completed accurately and whether all fees have been paid. Once the government starts to process your application, you will receive a letter of acknowledgement to keep you informed about the next step.

Step 5: Day You Arrive in Canada
Foreign nationals will have to show their Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR). Additionally, you should have your permanent resident visa at hand, which needs to be shown to an Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) officer at the Port of Entry (POE). The officer will evaluate all information to ensure that everything is in order. You may have to answer some relevant questions that you’ve already answered on your application - this is to ensure that you’re the same person who applied for the sponsorship.

Contact our Sia Immigration Team today for Application of Family Sponsorship in Canada. 

Now reunite with your parent or grandparent in Canada through Super Visa

The Super Visa allows parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents to visit their family for up to five consecutive years without renewing their visitor status. Furthermore, parents and grandparents can enter Canada multiple times with the Super Visa for up to 10 years.The Super Visa allows parents and grandparents of Canadians to stay in Canada for an extended period.

What are the Super Visa eligibility requirements?
To be eligible for a Super Visa, an applicant must be a parent or grandparent of a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada. A spouse or common law partner of the applicant may be included on the application, but no dependents may be included.They must also have a signed letter from your child or grandchild inviting the applicant to Canada which also includes:

•    A promise of financial support for the length of your visit
•    The list and number of people in the household of this person
•    A copy of this person’s Canadian citizenship or permanent resident document

The applicant must also have medical insurance from a Canadian insurance company that is:
•    Valid for at least 1 year from the date of entry
•    At least $100,000 of emergency coverage
•    Have proof that the medical insurance has been paid in full

In addition, the child or grandchild of the applicant must be able to prove that they can meet the income requirements, identified by the Low-Income Cut Off (LICO). The purpose of the income requirement is to assess the child or grandchild’s ability to financially support their family members, especially since the responsibility that can come with supporting an elderly family member can be large.

The proof may be in the form of the following documents:
•    Notice of Assessment (NOA) or T4/T1 for the most recent tax year
•    Employment Insurance Stubs
•    An employment letter that includes salary and hire date
•    Pay stubs
•    Bank statements

What happens after I apply?
After the application has been submitted, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will review it and make sure it has all the appropriate documentation. IRCC may also ask that the applicant:
•    Go to an interview with their officials in the applicant’s country
•    To send more information
•    To get a medical exam
•    To get a police certificate
Processing times depend on the visa office and if you need to do any extra steps listed above. After the application is processed, passports and other original documentation will be returned to the applicant. If the application is approved, the visa will be stamped inside the applicant’s passport. If the applicant is from a visa-exempt country, IRCC will issue the applicant with a letter to be given to a border services officer upon arrival to Canada.

Increased Immigration is vital for Canada’s Economy

Business Council of Canada recently said that the increased immigration is vital for Canada’s economy in future. Canada works hard to position itself as an ideal home for the best and the brightest global talent across all industries.

The Business Council of Canada (BCC) recently released a report in which 80 Canadian businesses were surveyed about how they use Canada’s immigration programs to hire skilled workers. The businesses surveyed cumulatively employee over 1.6 million workers. Two thirds of companies surveyed say they recruit talent overseas using Canada’s immigration system. The remaining third hires immigrants who have already relocated to Canada.

High job vacancies and a growing labor shortage
Canada’s job vacancy rate is at all-time high. The country is facing a labor shortage that is bound to increase into 2030 when over nine million Canadians reach the retirement age of 65.According to the BCC survey, all employers agree that Canada’s labor shortage is widespread, and they face real difficulty finding skilled workers across all industries. Canada’s tech sector has been hit hardest by labor shortages as industry growth and demand is outpacing the number of skilled workers. Professions such as computer science, engineering and information tech are in high demand.Based on the 2020 Express Entry annual report, candidates for permanent residency who had experience in these occupations were among the most likely to receive an invitation to apply (ITA).

Top programs used by Canadian employers
Temporary Work Permits 
Global Talent Stream: The Global Talent Stream (GTS) is a temporary work permit that falls under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). It is exclusively for candidates with work experience in tech occupations and meant to meet the urgent demands of the rapidly growing tech sector.

Express Entry Programs
Express Entry is the Canadian government’s largest entry stream for skilled immigrants who wish to become permanent residents.Candidates with tech backgrounds are the leading recipients of permanent residence invitations under Express Entry.

Federal Skilled Worker Program
Candidates in the Federal Skilled Worker Program must meet a minimum requirement of one year of skilled work experience, a minimum Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) score of 7 and satisfy the minimum educational requirements for their occupation by getting an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).

Canadian Experience Class
Under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), candidates must have one year of Canadian work experience completed in the past five years, as well as meet minimum language requirements depending on where their occupation falls in the NOC skill codes.

Improvements
Only half of respondents agree that the Immigration Levels Plan for 2022-2024 is adequate to address their business needs and the growing labor shortages. The remaining half indicated that the number of economic immigrants needs to be increased but acknowledged that this is not practical until the government has a plan in place to ensure there is adequate housing and other infrastructure to support new immigrants, such as childcare and healthcare.This can take the form of language training, assisting employees in obtaining recognition of foreign credentials and relocation assistance.

Conclusion 
Canadian businesses expect that competition for skilled immigrants will intensify over the next few years. This is especially true of recent graduates who they say face significant barriers in obtaining permanent residency in Canada due to the time it takes to gain sufficient work experience.

Contact our Sia Immigration team today for best advice and quick assistance.  

A Guide to Canadian Citizenship Requirements

You’ve watched the home channels showcasing Canadian suburbia at its best, you've drooled at the posts documenting the country’s vibrant foodie culture and you’ve read the reports of all the promising job prospects available in the Great White North over the last few months. If that’s not a sign that Canada’s calling, we don’t know what is! With the Canadian government’s goal of welcoming 1.23 million immigrants to become permanent residents by 2023, the time has never been better to set off on your journey to becoming a Canuck. So, let's explore all the Canadian Citizenship requirements and get you on your way to frolicking amongst the maple leaves, eh!

What Do I Have to do to Be Eligible for Canadian Citizenship?

To qualify for Canadian Citizenship, you will have to meet the requirements set by the Government of Canada. You must:

  • Have Canadian permanent resident status
  • Have lived in the country for at least three years out of a five-year period
  • Take and pass a test for citizenship
  • Demonstrate proficiency in English and/or French

It’s important to note that there will be additional requirements under the following circumstances:

  • If you apply for someone under the age of 18
  • If you’re a Canadian citizen wanting to apply for citizenship for a child you’re adopting from another country
  • If you are or have been in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) and apply via a set fast-track process
  • If you’re a former citizen of Canada and would like to become one again

Canadian Citizenship Requirements Explained

  1. Permanent Resident Status

Irrespective of how old you are, you’ll have to have obtained Canadian permanent residency if you are going to apply to become a citizen of the Great White North. Note, however, that there are several things that will be reviewed in your application for Canadian citizenship.

  1. Time Spent Living in Canada (physical presence)

This refers to time physically spent living in Canada. It is advised that you should try to apply for Canadian citizenship only once you have spent over 1,095 days in the country. This applies to minors as well. Spending extra days up north will count in your favor.

Top Tip: You can track your time spent outside of Canada by keeping a travel logbook. This will assist in keeping track of your time spent in the country.

Canada invites skilled immigrants for first time since 2020

Canada has invited Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) candidates for the first time after December 2020. 
Canadian Experience Class (CEC) candidates were also included in that Express Entry draw. This marks the first time since September 2021 that CEC candidates had included in an Express Entry draw. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) invited a total of 1,500 Express Entry candidates to apply for permanent residence. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) cut-off score was 557.

What is Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
A skilled worker (federal) is a person who has at least one year of professional experience acquired over the previous ten-year period, pursuing an occupation corresponding to the skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC).To immigrate to Canada, this program is designed to attract highly skilled workers and to help build businesses and grow the country.

What is Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
For an individual to meet the eligibility requirements for the Canadian Experience Class, he/she must have at least one (1) year of paid full-time work experience (or an equal amount of paid part-time work experience) in a National Occupational Classification (NOC) occupation at Skill Type 0, A or B IN CANADA within the previous three (3) years with the proper authorization.To qualify for the Canadian Experience Class, the experience in Skill Type 0, A or B must consist of actions described in the lead description and a substantial number of the duties described in the Main Duties section of the NOC, including all the essential duties.

Why today’s draw is Big News 
The return of all-program draws is significant for several reasons. From its launch in 1967 until 2020, the Federal Skilled Worker Program was the main way Canada welcomed skilled immigrants. Prior to the pandemic, the FSWP comprised about 45% of all those who received an Express Entry ITA. 
The return of all-program draws is also major news for CEC candidates. The CEC is the primary way for Canada’s large international student and foreign worker population to gain permanent residence. The CEC has increased in prominence in recent years as Canada has relied on this pool to achieve its immigration levels targets. Prior to the pandemic, the CEC comprised just 9% of all 341,000 immigrants welcomed under Canada’s economic, family, and humanitarian classes combined. Last year, the CEC comprised nearly one-third of the over 405,000 immigrants who landed in Canada. 

Beginning in January 2021, IRCC focused on only inviting CEC candidates. IRCC did this because most of these candidates were in Canada and were less likely to face COVID-related challenges than immigration candidates overseas. However, IRCC paused CEC invitations in September 2021 to address its application backlogs. In the meantime, IRCC has continued to hold bi-weekly draws only inviting Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) candidates to help the provinces and territories address their labor market needs. 
By 2024, Canada will welcome over 110,000 Express Entry immigrants per year. 
Contact Sia Immigration for further help & guidanceto get your Express Entry profile accessed. 
 

Worker Spouse Open Work Permit Canada

If your spouse is currently working in Canada, or if you have applied to be sponsored for permanent residence by your spouse or partner in Canada, you may be eligible for an open work permit.These open work permits do not restrict the spouse to a specific employer, location, and occupation. The spouse’s work permit will be issued for no longer than the principal’s permit period.

What is a spouse open work permit?
A spouse open work permit allows the spouse of certain temporary Canadian permit holders to work anywhere in Canada, for any employer, with few restrictions.common-law partners of skilled workers, full-time students, and principal applicants of certain permanent resident applications may be eligible to work in Canada on an open work permit provided relevant preconditions are met. 

Who can apply for a spouse open work permit?
Individuals who have applied to be sponsored by their spouse, or those whose spouses are in Canada on a study or work permit may be able to apply for a spousal open work permit. The requirements for applying for a spousal open work permit depend on the type of status your spouse has in Canada.

Eligibility requirements for a spousal work permit and visa
To qualify for a spousal open work permit, you must meet certain minimum requirements, including:

  • Must be in a genuine relationship with a qualifying foreign national principal applicant, permanent resident, or citizen.
  • Must be eligible to apply as the spouse of a qualifying foreign national, or as an in Canada sponsorship applicant (see above); and
  • Are not criminally or medically inadmissible to Canada
  • A worker who has LMIA work permit, can sponsor spousal work visa to Canada
  • A worker must possess Knock A/B/O or Higher-level Jobs to sponsor their spouse 

How long does a spouse open work permit take to process?
The processing time for a spousal open work permit will depend on what type of permit your spouse applied for. To check the approximate processing time for a particular application, visit Canada’s dedicated webpage.A SOWP is tied to the permit of the spouse, or ‘lead applicant’, and will only be valid for as long as the lead applicant’s permit. If your SOWP expires, you will need to reapply based on your spouse’s permit.

How long is a spouse open work permit valid?
A spousal open work permit can only be issued for as long as the Student/Spouse permit. If the applicant’s passport is expiring soon, it will not be issued beyond the validity of their passport.

How to apply for a spouse open work permit
The spouse open work permit application procedure will differ depending on which type of spouse open work permit you need. The first step is determining which work permit is best for you. If you need help figuring out the application, simply contact us and a member of our team will assist you with scheduling a consultation.

  • Make sure they have what they need
  • Read the instruction guide
  • Prepare their answers for the online tool
  • Know the fees you must pay
  • Create their online account or sign in

When to apply for a spouse open work permit
When you can apply for a spouse open work permit will depend on which category you are applying under. For more information on when you can apply, contact us to set up a consultation.
 

Now get Student Spouse Work Permit with Sia Immigration

An open work permit is a work permit that is not job specific. It allows your spouse or common-law partner to accept any job with any employer. If your spouse or partner gets an open work permit, it is normally valid for the same period as your study permits. In some cases, your spouse or common-law partner will need a medical exam.If you are an international student bringing your spouse or partner with you to Canada, they may be eligible for an open work permit that will allow them to work on or off campus full-time while you study.

Who can get a work permit as the spouse or common-law partner of a student?
Your spouse or common-law partner may be eligible for an open work permit if you:
have a valid study permit
are eligible for a post-graduation work permit (PGWP) and
is a full-time student at one of these types of schools?
a public post-secondary school, such as a college or university, or CEGEP in Quebec
a private college-level school in Quebec
a Canadian private school that can legally award degrees under provincial law (for example, Bachelors, Masters, or Doctorate degree)

How long it takes to get an open work permit
Processing an open work permit usually takes several months. There are many factors that can affect the processing time.

How long is the open work permit valid? 
Your spouse or common-law partner’s work permit will be valid for the same period of time as your study permit.

When should you apply?
Your spouse/partner can apply for a work permit before or after they arrive in Canada. The work permit will usually be issued for the same length of time as your study permit. Your spouse/partner does not need a job offer to apply for a work permit.
In some cases, Canadian visa offices abroad will process spouse/partner work permit applications at the same time as study permit applications. In this case, you will need to include the additional fee for the work permit and complete the work permit application for your spouse/partner, available from the website of the consulate.Most spouse/partners come to Canada as visitors first and apply for a work permit after they are in Canada. If your spouse or partner does not require a TRV, they may be able to apply for a work permit at the border or airport where they enter Canada.

How to apply

  • Make sure they have what they need
  • Read the instruction guide
  • Prepare their answers for the online tool
  • Know the fees you must pay
  • Create their online account or sign in

Work Permit Conditions
Work permits issued by IRCC may be subject to restrictions. International students who were not required to undergo an immigration medical examination before coming to Canada may be subject to the following occupation/workplace restrictions that require an immigration medical examination:

  • Health care setting
  • Childcare
  • Primary and secondary educational facilities
     

Now apply for Canada Visitor Visa with Sia Immigration

A Visitor Visa (also called a temporary resident visa) is an official document that is required to meet travel requirements of the country and it must be stamped into your passport copy to enter Canada. VisitorVisa is applicable for the visitors who are seeking short-term entry to the country for different purposes such as tourism, visiting friends and relatives, for medical treatments, to attend conferences and meetings. A Visitor Visa is a permit granted by Citizenship and Immigration Canada to citizens of most countries to visit Canada and the period of visit is always subject to change depending uponthe ImmigrationOfficer at the port of entry, usually it is for six months. An extension for Visitor Visa is possible if the applicant has a valid reason to define for extending his/her stay more than six months. 

You must meet some basic requirements to get a Visitor Visa. You must:
•    have a valid travel document, like a passport
•    be in good health
•    have no criminal or immigration-related convictions
•    convince an immigration officer that you have ties—such as a job, home, financial assets, or family—that will take you back to your home country
•    convince an immigration officer that you will leave Canada at the end of your visit
•    have enough money for your stay
•    The amount of money you will need depends on how long you will stay and if you will stay in a hotel, or with friends or relatives.
•    You may also need a medical exam and letter of invitation from someone who lives in Canada.

How long you can stay
Most visitors can stay for up to 6 months in Canada.At the port of entry, the border services officer may allow you to stay for less or more than 6 months.
If so, they’ll put the date you need to leave by in your passport. They might also give you a document, called a visitor record, which will show the date you need to leave by. If you don’t get a stamp in your passport, you can stay for 6 months from the day you entered Canada or until your passport expires, whichever comes first. 

Top 5 Key Tips When Preparing and Submitting an Immigration Visitor Visa Application to Canada

1. Purpose of Visit
May seem obvious but the reason for the visit as well as the time requested for the travel must make sense. If the trip is for personal reasons do not couch it as a business trip. If visiting a boyfriend or girlfriend, be open and do not suggest it is to visit a family member because it may sound more compelling.

2. Immigration Status in Home Country
There must be clear declarations of dual citizenship, permanent and/or temporary status. It is also important to provide the jurisdictional contexts. Obviously travel and immigration documents must be current. Failing to provide a clear immigration and residency history can be problematic.

3. Ties in Home Country
Where immediate family members live, familial responsibilities and resulting financial obligations are important factors that come into play. Limited ties to a home country although unfair can in certain circumstances be an issue.

4. Past Travel and Civil History
A positive travel history and exemplary civil, employment and financial records are critical. Any admissibility issues like criminality, security are givens. As is evidence that an applicant will not pose any health risks and remains in good health and has no history of any communicable, physical, or mental disease. 

5. Ability to Leave Canada
The more countries the better and extensive history of compliance during travels abroad is a strong indicator of future comportment with the terms of any visa issued by Canada. The need to travel to Canada more than once is also helpful because an applicant is unlikely to jeopardize the long-term ability to continue to enter Canada as well as other countries on any future travels for one trip.

Now Bring your Parents/Grandparents to Canada - Super Visa

Are you planning to invite your parents to Canada?

You might have applied for your Family Sponsorship to get your parents to Canada, and you might have not got the invitation from the draw. But you can still invite them to come Canada through Super visa.

A super visa let your parents and grandparents visit their children or grandchildren for up to 2 years at a time. It’s a multi-entry visa that provides multiple entries for a period up to 10 years. The “Super-Visa” is a 10-year multiple entry visa is available for parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens and permanent residents. The Super-Visa allows the visitor to stay for up to two years at a time without having to apply for an extension.

You must meet some basic requirements to get a Super Visa. You must:
•    Usual requirements as those previously discussed under “Visitor Visa Requirements”
•    Proof of family relationship.
•    The visitor must prove there is a child or grandchild in Canada.
•    The visitor must provide a written promise of financial support from the child or grandchild in Canada.
•    The visitor must prove private health insurance coverage in Canada for a one year minimum.
•    Citizens of most countries will require an immigration medical examination to apply for a visitor visa. This is an examination by a medical doctor approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. For more information, see the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website “Visit” “Parents and Grandparents” “Immigration Medical Examination” to find out whether you will require an immigration medical examination and how to locate approved doctors in your country.
•    7. The Super-Visa requires the Canadian child or grandchild to meet minimum income thresholds, the idea being that the Canadian child or grandchild must be able to pay all the expenses of the visitor.

How does the parent and grandparent super visa differ from a multiple entry visa?
The Super Visa is a multi-entry visa that provides multiple entries for a period up to 10 years. The key difference is that the Super Visa allows an individual to stay for up to two years at a time in Canada, while a 10-year multiple entry visa would only have a status period for each entry of six months only.Currently, most visitors to Canada may visit for up to six months when they first enter Canada. Visitors who wish to stay longer must apply for an extension and pay a new fee.With the parent and grandparent super visa, eligible parents and grandparents can visit family in Canada for up to two years without the need to renew their status.

Who’s eligible for a parent and grandparent super visa?
To be eligible for a super visa, you must:
•    be the parents or grandparents of Canadian citizens or permanent residents and
•    meet other eligibility requirements.
Your dependents are not eligible for a super visa. They can still apply to visit Canada for up to 6 months with the right travel document.

Use of Super Visa 
Super-visas are useful for long visits in Canada of parents and grandchildren. They are multi-entry, long-term visitor visas and have some added requirements not required for an ordinary visitor visa, such as minimum income for the Canadian child or grandchild, a written promise of financial support, proof of family in Canada, immigration medical examination and private health insurance.

Other conditions we consider for Super Visa 
We consider several things before we decide if you can come to Canada. You must be a genuine visitor to Canada who will leave by choice at the end of your visit.
We’ll look at these things when you apply:
•    your ties to your home country
•    the purpose of your visit
•    your family and finances
•    the overall economic and political stability of your home country
You must also:
•    apply for a super visa from outside Canada
•    be allowed to enter Canada
•    take an immigration medical exam
•    meet certain other conditions
You can’t include dependents in this application.

Open Work Permit

An open work permit is a work permit that is not job specific. An open work permit allows a foreign national to work for any Canadian employer he/she wants over a specified period of time. Some open work permits may restrict the kind of job or place in which the foreign national may work. A worker may apply for an open work permit from outside of Canada, within Canada or at a Canadian port of entry.

you will not need the following when you apply for your work permit:

•    A Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada
•    proof that an employer has submitted an offer of employment through the Employer Portal and paid the employer compliance fee 

You may be eligible for an open work permit if you

•    An international student who graduated from a designated learning institution and are eligible for the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program
•    if you have applied for Spousal Sponsorship within Canada
•    Have an employer-specific work permit and are being abused or at risk of being abused in relation to your job in Canada
•    Applied for permanent residence in Canada
•    are a dependent family member of someone who applied for permanent residence
•    Are the spouse or common-law partner of a skilled worker or international student
•    are the spouse or common-law partner of an applicant of the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program
•    are a refugee, refugee claimant, protected person, or their family member
•    are under an unenforceable removal order
•    are a temporary resident permit holder
•    a young worker participating in special program

Conditions for Open Work Permit
Some conditions will be written directly on your work permit.

These may include:
•    the type of work you can do,
•    the employer you can work for,
•    where you can work, or
•    how long you can work.

There are also standard conditions that apply to all work permit holders. Even if you have no specific conditions on your work permit, you still must:

•    not work for an employer in a business where there are reasonable grounds to suspect a risk of sexual exploitation of some workers, specifically:
•    strip clubs,
•    massage parlours, and
•    escort agencies,
•    leave Canada at the end of your authorized stay.

There are two kinds of open work permits: Unrestricted open work permits and Occupation-restricted open work permits.

Under unrestricted open work permit, a foreign national can work in any job, in any place and for any employer. An unrestricted open work permit will be given to eligible workers who have passed the medical exam.

Under an occupation-restricted open permit, an eligible person may work for any employer but the job in which the person must work will be specified. The job restriction is since occupation restricted open permits are given to eligible workers who have not completed a medical exam.
 

IRCC made Major announcement

IRCC made Major announcement (April 22, 2022)

Some quick points are :

 

Express Entry draws will resume in July 2022 for CEC and FSW.

 

Candidates who are PGWP holders which is going to expire between jan to dec 2022 can apply for extension to get additional 18 months.

 

Spouse and other immediate members , included in a principal applicant’s permanent residence application , who are outside of Canada,  will be eligible to get open work permit while waiting for PR.

Ircc will bring processing times of Express Entry back to 6 months.

 

Applicants applying for BOWP (bridging open work permit) while waiting for PR will now get until Dec 2024.

 

Today, Minister Sean Fraser has announced that the Express Entry Invitations to Federal Skilled Workers Program and Canadian Experience Class candidates will resume this year by early July.

LMIA new Changes written by Manpreet Joshi

Labour shortage is a fact in Canada. Lmia is one of the best ways to address it in my opinion, mainly in remote areas. Making this program more accessible , easier and simpler for employers is surely going to address this labour issue on short term and long term basis.

  1. New change in validity  will give employers more time to recruit correct candidate due to longer validity period of 18 months. Moreover, with 6-9 months validity time sometimes Lmia gets wasted in case foreign nationals will face rejection of work permit overseas as work permit processing are higher than 6 or even 9 months in many countries like India , UAE etc. Now longer validity will give employers to identify new worker in case of rejection.
  2. Increase in cap from 10% to 20% for all and even 30% to sectors with critical labour shortage like accommodation and food service will allow employers to hire more TFW in low wage positions which is another much needed change as most of mid and low skilled positions are always low wage as they get salary lower than provincial median wage. This was a big hurdle for employers in hiring foreign workers ever since low wage cap was introduced.
  3. Thirdly ending refuse to process policy for certain semi skilled occupations in specific sectors like tourism hospitality and retail etc, in regions having 6% or higher unemployment rate , is going to be big relief as employers can now recruit TFW  for basic positions as well.

Other changes include increasing lmia duration for seasonal workers to 270 days and global talent to 3 years will surely save time, money and effort for employers who are looking to hire foreign workers in these sectors.

I feel that Lmia has better impact in addressing labour shortages than any other permanent residency program and reason behind that is that when someone comes to Canada as permanent resident they always prefer to settle in Metropolitan cities like Toronto & GTA  and vancouver mainland. Hence, labour shortage is small towns always remains the same. But on the other hand LMIAs always come with an obligation to a foreign  worker to work for specific employer and location hence employer can fill positions in areas where its critical to find skilled labour and once they work in any  remote town  for couple of years chances of that particular worker settling in there even after PR are higher than any other new immigrant.

Atlantic Immigration Program - Study Program - Quick PR

The Atlantic Immigration Program is a federal immigration program that helps employers recruit skilled foreign workers and international graduates to meet labor needs.The Atlantic Immigration Pilot or AIP was launched in March 2017 by the federal government in response to the population challenges faced by all the Atlantic Provinces.The Atlantic Immigration Program is designed to welcome additional newcomers to the Atlantic Canada region to fill the needs of local employers and communities. The program allows designated local employers to identify, recruit and retain global talent. The program also has the goals of supporting population growth, developing a skilled workforce, and increasing employment rates in the region. The program forms part of an overall Atlantic Growth Strategy that is focused on the following five priority areas:

•    Skilled workforce and immigration.
•    Innovation.
•    Clean growth and climate change.
•    Trade and investment; and
•    Infrastructure.

Eligibility
To participate in the Atlantic Immigration Program, employers must first be approved by being designated and then have their positions endorsed by the province.Once the employer’s positions are endorsed, foreign worker(s) identified by the employer can apply directly to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada for permanent residency. The foreign worker can also get a temporary work permit while waiting for permanent residency.

How it Works
The Atlantic Immigration Program is an employer-driven program that facilitates the hiring of foreign nationals All principal applicants arriving in Canada under the program must have a job offer from a designated employer and an individualized settlement plan for themselves and their family. Once a designated employer finds a candidate who meets their employment needs and the program criteria, that employer will need to first offer them a job. Employers do not need to go through the process of obtaining a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).

Once the candidate has accepted the job, the employer will connect the candidate with a designated settlement service provider organization for a needs assessment and to develop a settlement plan. Employers will also support the long-term integration of the new immigrant and his or her family, if applicable, so they can reach the goals of their settlement plan once they arrive in Canada. Employers that need to fill a job vacancy quickly will have access to a temporary work permit, so that the candidate and his or her family can come to Canada as soon as possible.

How to Apply 
•    Review the guides and resources listed below
•    Complete the online application form and include all required information
•    Applications for designation and endorsement must be submitted using the online system. Sample application forms below are not an accepted form of submission.

Some of the Colleges and  Universities 
•    Crandall University - New Brunswick
•    Mount Allison University - New Brunswick
•    Newfoundland & Labrador College – North Atlantic
•    Cape Breton University - Nova Scotia
•    Acadia University - Nova Scotia
•    Mount Saint Vincent University - Nova Scotia
•    Holand College Prince Edword Island 

Healthcare workers, ECEs the focus of changes to BC PNP

On March 10, 2022, the Ministry of Municipal Affairs announced that British Columbia is responding to the crucial need for more healthcare workers and early childhood educators (ECEs) by implementing changes to the BC Provincial Nominee Program (BC PNP) Skills Immigration stream to prioritize these occupations and increase support for the care economy.

The Key changes to BC PNP include:
TheTargeted invitations to apply will give priority access to select occupations in the care economy, specifically registrants whose occupation is on a pre-determined list of in-demand health occupations as well as early childhood educators.  

The Healthcare assistants and dental assistants have been added to the Entry Level and Semi-Skilled category as eligible occupations.

The Targeted invitations to apply (priority access) replaces the registration points awarded for high demand occupations in the Labour Market Outlook.

The Periodic general draws will be conducted for other skilled and semi-skilled workers who meet program criteria.

The Invitations to apply can be based on various factors that support B.C. government priorities.

The Health Care Professional category has been replaced with the Health Authority category and is open to all occupations employed by a health authority.

An overview of Strategic Priorities & Initiatives has been added to the website. There are no changes to BC PNP Tech.

The Workers in the management occupations (grouped under Skill Type 0 in the NOC) may only register/apply under Skilled Worker categories; management occupations are not eligible under the International Graduates categories.

The requirement of two years directly related experience under the Skilled Worker category is replaced with two years of skilled experience.

The Employer requirements are updated with new or clarified conditions.

Other changes to the Skills Immigration categories include clarifying or adjusting criteria and updating definitions.

Home Care Provider Pilot Program

Caregivers play an important role in Canada's economy and society. Due to its aging population and low birth rate, Canada provides numerous immigration and work permit pathways to caregivers.Canada has a long history of welcoming caregivers to support its economy and society. One of the reasons why Canada has a leading immigration system is it is always looking to modernize its immigration policies and programs. In this spirit, Canada has reformed its caregiver pathways for permanent residence in recent years. It currently operates two pilot programs for caregivers who wish to obtain permanent residence. The pilots also give applicants the opportunity to obtain temporary work permits while they wait for permanent residence. Each program accepts a maximum of 2,750 principal applicants, for a total of 5,500 principalapplicants, per year.

Home Child Care Provider Pilot 

Home childcare providers help parents look after children and may be required to help with household duties. Care can be provided either in their own homes or in their employer’s homes which is different from the Live-in Caregiver Program which requires caregivers to live in their employer’s home.

This program is open to applicants with the following job titles: 

  • Babysitter
  • Au pair
  • Childcare live-in-caregiver
  • Childcare provider - private home
  • Nanny
  • Parent's helper
  • Foster parent
  • Babysitter - fitness center
  • Babysitter - shopping center

Home Support Worker Pilot
Home support workers help seniors, people with disabilities, and individuals in rehabilitation by providing personal care and companionship during times of recovery, incapacitation, and family disruption. Duties include but are not limited to preparing meals, feeding, bathing, changing dressings, administering medications, and other routine housekeeping duties. Care is in their employer’s or client’s homes, in which the home support worker may be required to live. Home support workers may also care for children however it must not be their primary responsibility.  

This program is open to applicants with the following job titles: 

  • Attendant for persons with disabilities - home care
  • Family caregiver
  • Home support worker
  • Housekeeper
  • Live-in caregiver - senior
  • Personal aide - home support
  • Personal care attendant - home care
  • Respite worker - home support
  • Doula
  • Home visitor - infant care

The most beneficial factor between these programs and the LCP is that it enables you to change employers if so desired as well as allows your family members to join you in Canada.

Both the Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot offer permanent residence to caregivers who meet the following criteria:

  • Have at least 24 months of full-time qualifying work experience in the 36 months before submitting your application.
  • Language tests results showing a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5.
  • One year of Canadian post-secondary education or the foreign equivalent; and
  • Pass an admissibility check (health, criminality, and security).

You may be eligible to apply for the Home Child Care Pilot or the Home Support Worker Pilot if you meet the following requirements.

Valid Job Offer
First and foremost, you will require an official offer from a Canadian employer which shows it will be a full-time position wherein you work a minimum of 30 hours a week. It needs to be clear that there is a real need to hire you and may not be from an embassy, high commission, or consulate. The offer may not be for work in the province of Quebec. 

Home Childcare Pilot - The children must be under 18 years of age and cared for in your own home or your employer's home, but you do not have to live in your employer's home.

Home Support Worker Pilot - The person may be cared for in your own home or your employer's home, but you do not have to live in your employer's home.

RINP - Canada Study Program - Quick PR

Canada has an outstanding reputation for its diversity and economic growth. The country continues to welcome skilled immigrants who will utilize their experiences in growing the Economy. Canada is one of the fastest growing countries in the world with exceptional economic growth, high living standards and countless opportunities for people to grow. Settling in Canada permanently after finishing graduate and post graduate programs is a dream for most of international students. It is much better to plan about your permanent residency in Canada rather than only planning on the study programs.  It will be much easier and smoother for students to transit from temporary to permanent resident status if they plan it at the time of choosing their program and Institute in Canada. The Canadian Government also welcome skilled workers from all around the world and offer innumerable facilities and provisions in exchange of their skills and services. 

IRCC has recently launched immigration program- Rural and Northern Immigration pilot program last year for a few selective regions of Canada including West Kootenay which includes Castlegar, Trail Nelson, Rossland and surrounding areas.Since last year at various times all the communities are launching its details regarding how they will be implementing this program. Recently a detail has been launched by West Kootenay community.

The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot is a community-driven program. It’s designed to spread the benefits of economic immigration to smaller communities by creating a path to permanent residence for skilled foreign workers who want to work and live in one of the participating communities.

Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program, you must meet all Requirements

  • Get a recommendation from a designated community economic development organization.
  • 1 year full / part time equivalent experience required.
  • International students living and studying in community need no work experience.
  • Have a qualifying job offer (NOC A, B, C or D are eligible).
  • English language test required (CLB is as per noc) to meet or exceed the educational requirements.
  • Prove you have enough money to support your transition into the community intend to live in the community.

Process of Applying for Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program

  • Check that you meet both IRCC eligibility requirements and the community-specific requirements.
  • Find an eligible job with an employer in one of the participating communities.
  • Once you have a job offer, submit your application for recommendation to the community.
  • If a community recommends you, apply for permanent residence.

Some of Institutes are offering Eligible programs 

  • Canadore College - North Bay, Ontario
  • Nipissing University
  • Cambrian College - Sudbury, Ontario
  • Northern College - Timmins, Ontario
  • Sault College and Algoma University - Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
  • Lakehead University - Thunder Bay, Ontario
  • Assiniboine Community College - Brandon
  • Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology - Moose Jaw, SK
  • Lethbridge College - Claresholm, AB
  • Okanagan College - Vernon, BC
  • Selkirk College - Castlegar, Rossland, Nelson

Spousal Sponsorship

Canada aims to welcome over 400,000 new immigrants per year. Some 60 per cent are targeted as economic class skilled workers, followed by family class immigrants, and refugees. Among family class immigrants, Canada seeks to welcome some 80,000 per year under its Spouses, Partners, and Children category. 
Spousal sponsorship is a major part of Canada's immigration system. The Canadian government allows Canadian citizens and permanent residents who are in a relationship with a foreign national to sponsor that person to join them and become a permanent resident of Canada. You can sponsor your spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner. You have two main options to choose from when sponsoring: Outland and Inland sponsorship.

Eligibility for Sponsorship are as follows:
You can be a sponsor if:

  • You are 18 years of age or older.
     
  • A Canadian citizen, permanent resident living in Canada, or person registered under the Canadian Indian Act.
  • You live in Canada or are a Canadian citizen planning to return to the country
  • You are not receiving social assistance for reasons other than a disability.
  • You can provide for your basic needs, those of your spouse or partner and, if applicable, those of dependent children.

What are the requirements to sponsor in Canada?
Sponsorship of a spouse in Canada involves a commitment to provide financial support to the sponsored person, including any dependent children. As a sponsor, you will be required to sign an undertaking that promises to provide for the basic needs of the sponsored person.
 

These basic needs include:

  • Housing, including utility bills.
  • Food and personal hygiene products.
  • Clothing and other items necessary for daily living.
  • Medical expenses not covered by public health insurance, such as dental and eye care.

How much income do you need to sponsor your spouse or partner?

  • You must show that you have sufficient income or assets to support the spouse or partner once he or she arrives in Canada.
  • You must not be receiving income support benefits from any province or be in bankruptcy proceedings

 

Who Can I Sponsor?
To receive a visa under this immigration program, you and your foreign spouse or partner will have to prove that you are in an authentic relationship that qualifies under one of the three categories:

  • Spouse: you are legally married
  • Common-law partner: you live or have lived with your partner for at least 12 consecutive months in a marriage-like relationship.

Conjugal partner: you must have been in a continuous and committed relationship for a period of at least 12 months but have had significant obstacles that prevent you from residing with one another (such as cultural, religious or immigration barriers).

The person you are sponsoring must:

  • Be at least 18 years old.
  • Pass all background, security, and medical checks.
  • Both the Canadian citizen or permanent resident, and the foreign national must be approved IRCC before the sponsored person can receive a visa.

Two Types of Sponsorship Program in Canada 
Couples have two options to choose from when submitting their application:Outland and Inland applications in Canada

1. Outland Sponsorship
In general, applications to sponsor a foreign spouse or partner are submitted when the sponsored person lives abroad, and the Canadian sponsor resides in Canada. The foreign spouse or partner may be allowed to enter and leave Canada throughout the application process, provided they are from a visa-free country or obtain the appropriate Canadian visa. For his or her part, the Canadian spouse or partner will have to remain in Canada while the application is being processed.Applications from outside Canada are processed by the visa office serving the applicant's country of origin or in which the applicant has been legally residing for at least one year.

2. Inland Sponsorship
To submit a sponsorship application in this category, both spouses need to live together in Canada and the foreign spouse or partner must have temporary status in Canada as a worker, student, or visitor.The sponsor and the applicant spouse are required to live together in Canada for the duration of the processing of the application. This type of sponsorship application is filed in Canada.Foreign spouses who are in Canada and have legal temporary status may apply for an Open Work Permit (OWP) while their Inland sponsorship application is being processed, allowing them to work for any Canadian employer. This measure is intended to alleviate potential financial hardship caused by potentially lengthy application processing times.

Where do I submit my spousal sponsorship application?
In general, applications to sponsor a spouse or partner can be submitted either outside Canada at a visa office abroad or in Canada at a local immigration office. Sponsorship applications for conjugal partners can only be submitted through an outside of Canada application process.

How long do sponsorship applications usually take?
The standard spousal application processing time is 12 months. 


Kindly Contact Sia Immigration for Applying to Canada today!

Express Entry Canada holds first draw of 2022

Express Entry is the application management system for Canada’s three most popular immigration programs: the Canadian Experience Class, the Federal Skilled Worker Program, and the Federal Skilled Trades Program. PNP candidates in the Express Entry pool have already qualified for one of these programs.

In the first Express Entry draw of the year, IRCC invited only PNP candidates to apply for permanent residence.Canada is starting the new year with inviting 392 Express Entry candidates to apply for permanent residence.

In the January 5 draw, Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) only invited Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) candidates. The Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score cutoff was 808. The PNP candidates will get an automatic 600 points added to their score when they receive their nomination, which is why the score seems to be high compared to other invitation rounds.

IRCC has only been holding PNP draws since September. According to an internal briefing memo, IRCC has been focusing on PNP candidates as immigration officers are processing a backlog in applications. The immigration department wants to cut Express Entry backlogs in at least half before inviting candidates from other programs.

New year, New Express Entry

The Canadian government has suggested that they have planned to make changes to Express Entry this year. In the year 2021 federal budget, the Liberal government proposed to give the immigration minister more flexibility to invite Express Entry candidates that meet Canada’s labor market needs. Later in the year, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau asked Immigration Minister Sean Fraser in a mandate letter to expand permanent residence pathways for international students and temporary foreign workers via Express Entry. At this time, no further details have been released publiclyon the same. Also, Express Entry-eligible occupations may change when the new Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) system comes into effect, and replaces the current National Occupational Classification (NOC) skill levels. For now, Express Entry only recognizes work experience from NOC 0, A, and B occupations. This type of classification will be changed when TEER comes into force in late 2022. Immigrants will have to be prepared for the changed policy. 

Canada only held program-specific Express Entry draws for PNP and Canadian Experience Class (CEC) candidates in 2021. It was the first year in the history of Express Entry that no Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) candidate was invited to apply. Before the pandemic, FSWP candidates were the main source of Express Entry immigrants.
FSWP candidates are more likely to be applying from outside of the country, compared to PNP or CEC candidates. Last year, IRCC focused more on admitting applicants who were already in Canada due to travel restrictions. CEC candidates are most likely to be in Canada already, since they are required to have at least one year of Canadian work experience. PNP candidates are already nominated for immigration by the provinces, which means they have demonstrated that they can help support regional labor markets.

There are many options to immigrate to Canada from your country, we can help you find and settle with the best option in migrating and settling in Canada and making your dream come true as soon as possible. There are various programs that can help students/ Individual in moving to Canada at an ease and at sheer convivence. Get yourself enrolled in the programs and lead your life in a great place. 

Get in touch with Sia Immigration Now! 

Canada Study Programs – Direct PR

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Canada has an outstanding reputation for its diversity and economic growth. The country continues to welcome skilled immigrants who will utilize their experiences in growing the Economy. Canada is one of the fastest growing countries in the world with exceptional economic growth, high living standards and countless opportunities for people to grow. Settling in Canada permanently after finishing graduate and post graduate programs is a dream for most of international students.
It is much better to plan about your permanent residency in Canada rather than only planning on the study programs.  It will be much easier and smoother for students to transit from temporary to permanent resident status if they plan it at the time of choosing their program and Institute in Canada.The Canadian Government also welcome skilled workers from all around the world and offer innumerable facilities and provisions in exchange of their skills and services.
Out of the various permanent residency programs one of the very famous one these days is the British Columbia permanent residency program which is called the Bcpnp (British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program). Most permanent residency programs of Canada are work experience and/or job offer/employer oriented but Bcpnp has a special category for Science, engineer, and agricultural background post graduate students. If a student chooses to pursue master’s program in Canada related to these fields in the eligible institutes of British Columbia, then he/she can apply Bcpnp provincial nominee program upon completion of study Without any work experience or job offer from British Columbia the only requirement of the program is candidate must successfully graduate from one of the eligible masters programs in British Columbia.
One must Settle in Canada and acquire Canadian immigration with the help of the best Canada immigration consultants.At Sia Immigration Consultants, we provide expert Study Program guidance and PR consultations and solutions to our clients and make it possible for them to avail the best possible services from leading Immigration consultants in the country.
Our team of Canada consultants in Sia Immigration is both experienced and adept at assisting our clients in fulfilling their immigration dreams. As such, we are renowned for our impressive portfolio among the top Canada PR consultants.  We make sure that each of our clients receives the most comprehensive and customized solutions and consultation services for their smooth relocation to Canada.Moreover, we have complete knowledge about the laws, policies, and regulations of Canada, which makes us competent enough to handle your Canada immigration procedure expertly and professionally.

CANADA STUDY PROGRAMS - DIRECT PR

Some of Institutes are offering Eligible programs 

  • New York Institute of Technology
  • Trinity Western University
  • British Columbia Institute of Technology
  • Thompson Rivers University
  • University of Northern British Columbia
  • Royal Roads University
  • Northeastern University

Quick facts about the program

  • No experience needed
  • No job offers required
  • No minimum English language requirement for express stream of program
  • No minimum funds required for non-express stream of program
  • Spouse and dependent children can get nomination with applicant

Program Requirements

  • A master’s or doctoral degree received within the past three years from an eligible program at a post-secondary institution in B.C.
  • Ability and intent to live and work in B.C.

Kindly contact Sia Immigration for more detailed information and Guidance on the Selecting the best Study program to settle in Canada.

Prime minister Trudeau has revealed new immigration plan

On Dec 17, 2021 Prime minister Trudeau has revealed new immigration plan which will focus on priorities. Some examples of announcements are as follows 

  • Express entry pathways for students and workers
  • Providing temporary status to spouses and children while waiting abroad 
  • Launching municipal nomination program for municipalities to nominate candidates in same way as provinces are doing
  • Extention of rural and northern immigration pilot to more areas
  • Help 2000 skilled Refugees to settle and find jobs
  • Establishing trusted employer system to hire foreign workers
  • Build on existing pilot programs to further explore ways of regularizing status for undocumented workers who are contributing to Canadian communities.
  • Waiving of citizenship application fee.
  • Continue Working with quebec to support french speaking immigration 
  • And Many more announcements.
  • More details on how these programs will implement are yet to come.

Express Entry: Canada holds biggest PNP draw in 2021

Express Entry is the application management system for Canada’s three most popular immigration programs: the Canadian Experience Class, the Federal Skilled Worker Program, and the Federal Skilled Trades Program. PNP candidates in the Express Entry pool have already qualified for one of these programs.
Canada is aiming to welcome the highest levels of immigration in its history to support its post-COVID economic recovery. Under its 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan, Canada is seeking to welcome over 400,000 new immigrants per year.Nearly 60 per cent of these new arrivals will come to Canada as skilled workers. Express Entry is the main way that Canada processes skilled worker applications.
On December 10, 2021, Canada announced a fresh batch of invitations to Express Entry candidates. The most recent Express Entry draw targeted those who had received a provincial nomination certificate. Canada invited around 1,032 candidates with a minimum CRS score of 698 to apply for permanent residence.The Provinces continueto invite foreign workers directly from the Express Entry pool, notwithstanding the suspension of all-program draws. Under the Express Entry procedure, Canada has welcomed nearly 14,000 PNP candidates this year. While Canada suspends all program draws, provinces continue to use the Express Entry pool to pick nominated applicants to satisfy local labor market needs.
Candidates nominated through an Express Entry-aligned nominee scheme earn 600 points added to their CRS score. As a result, the CRS cut-off for PNP-specific withdrawals is often substantially higher than the CRS cut-off for draws for other federal programs.The lowest-ranking contender had a CRS score of 98 prior to winning a provincial nomination.
Since Express Entry was launched in 2015, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has only held 38 PNP-only draws. Most times they render less than a thousand invitations, except for this draw and the June 23 draw when 1,002 were invited.IRCC has only been holding PNP draws since September. This is now the seventh such draw in a row. In the previous Express Entry draw, IRCC invited 613 candidates with scores of at least 737.
Since Express Entry was launched in 2015, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has only held 38 PNP-only draws. Most times they render less than a thousand invitations, except for this draw and the June 23 draw when 1,002 were invited.
IRCC has only been holding PNP draws since September. This is now the seventh such draw in a row. In the previous Express Entry draw, IRCC invited 613 candidates with scores of at least 737.
Throughout the year, IRCC has only held Express Entry draws that target candidates from the PNP and Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
The strategy was supposed to allow IRCC to focus on admitting immigration candidates who were likely already in the country. Candidates who were applying for Canadian immigration from abroad were not allowed to cross the border for the purpose of activating their permanent residency status until June.However, an IRCC briefing note reveals that focusing on inland candidates, as well as creating the Temporary Residence to Permanent Residence (TR to PR) pathway created a large backlog of candidates.

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